The Sumpter Valley Railway

Baker City to Prairie City, OR

This three-foot narrow gauge line was organized to build west from Baker (now Baker City) southwest into the beautiful Blue Mountains. Its primary purpose was to tap into the rich strands of timber and profitable mines in the region.

The guiding light of the Sumpter Valley Railway was David C. Eccles, a Scot born in Paisley, Renfrewshire in 1849. His family joined a group of latter day saints and migrated to Salt Lake City in 1863. Young Eccles soon started into the lumber business, and it was his obsession with the great virgin stands of pine that led him to Oregon.

In addition to the narrow gauge railroad, Eccles formed the Oregon Lumber Company to handle the timber. Since Eccles and most of his associates from Utah were members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, or Mormons, it was natural that this railroad was dubbed by some to be the "Polygamy Central." This proved to be a very offensive insult to the management and it was soon nicknamed a more realistic slogan, the "Stump Dodger." This was an appropriate name because it wound around the valley in long horseshoes and seemed to dodge the stumps of previous logging operations.

Construction started at Baker in 1890 and the railroad acquired a second-hand locomotive from the Utah Northern to handle the work train. The new grade connected Baker with Salisbury, where it turned and headed up the Powder River Canyon. The track was laid into McEwan in 1892 and soon train-fulls of logs were rumbling down to the Oregon Lumber Company mill in Baker.

in 1895, an extension was started that reached Sumpter in late 1897. The Oregon Lumber Company erected a sawmill at Sumpter, and loads of fresh cut pine-lumber was soon reaching Baker by rail. In addition, the Sumpter Valley carried an ever increasing operation of passengers and general freight. Gold mines were numerous and the Sumpter Smelter flourished in Sumpter to reduce the precious Ore into Bars of Bullion.

In 1901, the Sumpter Valley Railway began construction again on a line toward Prairie City. They reached the small outpost of Whitney. The new track climbed steep grades and wound around sharp curves to Larch, then dropped down to the North Fork of the Burnt River.

A later extension in 1904 saw the railroad extend its reach to Tipton and down the steep slopes to Austin and the nearby town of Bates, where the Oregon Lumber Company established another sawmill. Terminal facilities for the railroad were erected along with the four-stall engine house at Bates.

The final construction of the Sumpter Valley Railroad was begun in 1909 and completed in 1910. It connected Bates to Prairie City. Along this new route was a station called Dixie. It was the highest rail line in Oregon for a while, at elevation 5,238 feet above sea level at Dixie. Although the timber abruptly ended and turned into sagebrush west of Dixie, there was a concealed plan that Eccles kept secret. It is known that Eccles hoped on connecting with the Nevada-California-Oregon Railroad, then in operation between Reno, NV and Lakeview, OR.

While David Eccles traced his projected maps over Oregon's great cattle ranges, his narrow gauge railroad continued to boost tonnage over the hills and passes between Prairie City and Baker. Slab-wood from the mills was used in the fireboxes of the locomotives. The earlier rails were light and soon became badly worn and derailments became a common problem. One crash near the outpost of Whitney allowed nearly 70 cows to escape into the woods. The rails were upgraded on an as-needed basis.

When the prohibition age imprisoned the land, the railroad aided a moonshiner who shipped his "white mule" over the railroad in 10 gallon milk cans.

Then in the 1930s, operations slowed to a trickle. This was because the resources supplying the railroad were getting severely depleted. in 1933, the line from Bates to Prairie City was abandoned. That section rarely saw traffic, as it was built only for a possible connection with the Nevada-California-Oregon Railroad. Passenger service over the entire line ceased sometime in 1937. Then in 1947, all operations ceased and the rolling stock was sold.

Today, deer and elk browse under the pines, undisturbed by the thundering of the Sumpter Valley Railway trains. The clear atmosphere of the Blue Mountains are no longer perfumed by a pungent smell of wood smoke and exhaust steam. Just recently, a short section near Sumpter has been rebuilt and has a limited tourist train in operation by the Sumpter Valley Railroad. Also, near the crest of the hill at Dixie, there is a maintained trail that is built on the old grade, though it is not labeled as a rail-trail. It is even named the Sumpter Valley Trail.

—  Links to Other Websites  —

—  User Comments  —

This site would be helped by a map of the original line from Baker to Prairie City.

Portland, OR
Unfortunately, none of my maps show this long-abandoned line. If anybody has a map they're willing to contribute, please let me know!   —Greg Harrison, Abandoned Rails

I used to live in Ontario and I have visited the SVRR. I would not only love to see maps of the old line, but I would also love to see links to other sites on or near the old line, like the one I have heard of in Prairie City, Oregon. I have not been able to find anything other than one photograph, and now I can't even find that. Also, is there a link to your homepage for this site?

Keizer, OR
Michael, the link to the homepage is   —Greg Harrison, Abandoned Rails

The Prairie City Depot houses the Dewitt Museum and lots of SVRR information, there is a cattle car on site. The historic Hotel Prairie has been restored and there is an RV park and campground at the museum. More info at

Prairie City, OR

Seven miles of the Sumpter Valley Railway have been reconstructed and is operated every summer weekend by volunteers under the name of the Sumpter Valley Railroad Restoration. Two original SV locomotives - Eccles Lumber Co. Heisler No. 3, and SVRR no. 19 have been restored and are used to operate the railroad. There are many photos of the railroad and the restoration on the Sumpter Valley Railroad Restoration's website. This is definitely worth a visit for train fans.

Scott Gavin
Klamath Falls, OR

Many years ago one of my hunting buddies told me of the Sumpter Valley RR. His grandfather was an Engineer and his dad was a conductor. Running from Baker to Prairie City through a place called water tank springs and the stop called Tipton. He was born in 1917 in Austin and has long sense passed. Bill Larson was his name. Great guy. In the early 70"s my kids and I Hiked to water tank springs and began to find RR spikes along the right of way. My point is would your organization be interested in getting approx. 250 spikes for what ever, Fund razor etc. If so email at my following address. Tony

Gresham, OR

Look for the books Rails Sagebrush and Pine by Mallory Hope Ferrell, Golden West Books 1967, Sumpter Valley Logging Railroads by Alfred Mullett and Leonard Merritt, Arcadia Publishing 2011, and Sumpter Valley Railway also by Alfred Mullett and Leonard Merritt, Arcadia Publishing 2009. Maps of the mainline and some of the various logging branches can be found.

Vale, OR

There is a lot of confusion about the actual route. However, when I earlier karft this message, found such data in deep search of Google images. Good hunting!

Joe "Wyoming" Turdcat
Butte, MT

Highway 7 crosses the three summits between Sumpter and Prairie City (Larch, Tipton and Dixie) with the rail grade. Before this road was put in there was very little access.

Kenn Lantz
Clackamas, OR